http://apod.nasa.gov/apod/ap111230.html

Illustration Credit: ESO/MPE/Marc Schartmann

The monster at the center of our Galaxy is about to get fed. Recent observations by the Very Large Telescopes indicate that a cloud of gas will venture too close to the supermassive black hole at the Galactic center. The gas cloud is being disrupted, stretched out, heated up, and some of it is expected to fall into the black hole over the next two years.

 

If you have read parts 1-4 and are still with me, thank you.  Tough stuff to assimilate.  Humans do not like to accept or believe anything that does not fit their normal everyday bubble that they live in.  I am not trying to scare anyone.  I am just trying to write down a logical thread of evidence and scientific theory that should apply, to the best of my knowledge, to a given set of circumstance.  This circumstance is that a proto-Solar System  is plunging towards the center of the Galaxy black hole.  This fact was discovered first on December 14, 2011 (see Part 1) and then updated December 20, 2011 (See part 2).   If you see something I have missed or overstated, let me know.  Be nice!

 

Short recap. We have a large quantity of matter (solar system) falling into/towards a black hole.  As part of this process, photoevaporation begins to occur within the gas/dust cloud that encompasses this proto-solar system.   By some yet unknown process, X-Rays and Gamma Rays are emitted from both Polar regions of the black hole.    All of this will occur between now and mid 2013.   This is an undeniable fact.  Get your head around that before continuing as this is the basis for all that follows.

 

All of the above are already observable and reported facts.   So far, so good.  Bad things are happening at Sag A* and more will happen at Sag A* because the ONE thing we can be sure of is that saying nothing special will take place is FALSE.  However,  from our point of view the bad things are not pointed in our general direction.   The fact that we already can SEE the polar emissions (since November 2010), means that some material has been and is being absorbed into the black hole already or that these are just permanent features of our particular black hole.

 

This all actually occurred 26,000 years ago.  This too is a fact.  it has taken the light of this event 26,000 years to get here because we are 26,000 light years distant from this event.   This means that we have no means of seeing or detecting any effects of this event because from our relativistic point of view, it has not happened yet.   We can see what happened today – (26,000 yrs) but not Dec 21, 2012 – (26,000 yrs) as an example, even though both dates are in our distant past.    If your galactic location was somewhere other than earth and closer to the galactic center (say 13,000 light years closer), this would all be both ancient history and interesting future events.   From this relativistic position:  This event occurred 13,000 years ago in the local history of our theoretical new position and it has been 13,000 years since the event.  From our actual , real-life perspective, at this point in time we see that nothing has occurred!

Lets make up some theoretical perspectives to try and make this clearer:

From the perspective of an observer 13,000 light years closer:   The explosion occurred 13,000 years ago.  They saw the same cloud we are now seeing, going into the black hole.  The event caused the spectacular  brightening of Sag A*  followed quickly by extremely bright jets, or rays, blasting out of either pole.   These would not last long, seconds really, but what would remain would be the radiation fields created by these emissions.  Next came the shock wave.  Traveling slightly slower than the speed of light, it followed like the crack of thunder following a lightning bolt and almost as fast it was gone.   It has been 13,000 years since this catastrophe happened from their point of reference.  They can still see the ring in the night sky as it races outward throughout the Galactic plane towards more and more star systems.

From our current observation point.   We are where they were 13,000 + 1 year ago.  From our perspective, nothing has happened at the black hole and their star system (if we knew where it was) would seem totally unaffected.   When the light of this PAST event reaches us,  it will look like the entire Galaxy has been affected all at once!   We would see the same brightening and rays at Sag A* that they did.  What we will also see is the effect of the wave on every solar system between us and the center of the Galaxy.    We will not SEE the wave (it is following the light, slightly slower) at that time, just its EFFECTS (very important!).    We may see stars brighten or dim,  super nova, whatever, I don’t know.  But any effect that may occur will be seen by us as though it is is all occurring at once and then we too would see the ring for centuries as it continued on towards the edge of the Galaxy.

Why go down the above little mind trip? Just keep the above scenario in mind as I now go into the point of this post: A proposed expanding shock wave, or super wave if you will, created by this event and that could be propagating throughout the Galaxy as we speak.


The case for the existence of a Super Wave

So, what I am saying is that this potential SUPER WAVE is what we need to really be aware of and/or concerned about.  It is something that we can not see in advance, but we may be able to predict.   This is why you hear many counter arguments to any SUPER WAVE theories.  They claim that they must be false because  you can’t know the future.   This is relatively true, unless you can travel faster than the speed of light, there is NO WAY to know if this scenario has ANY real credence.   But, fortunately, we are not all farm animals and some cognitive thought process may help us deduce the PROBABILITY of such a wave given our situational facts.

Super waves do exist in nature.  They can be seen in other galaxies.

What we don’t know is if they exist in OUR Galaxy, in our lifetime.  But we can at least be open to looking of clues.

 


What exactly is a Super Wave?

Fact 1:

We KNOW that material falling into a black hole not radiated away (poles)  takes the form of matter or energy moving outward at the speed of light.

Fact 2:

We KNOW that material falling into a black hole will create relativistic shock wave that then propagates forward into interstellar space.

Fact 3:

We KNOW that the shock wave will contain extremely energetic electrons that are accelerated by strong local magnetic fields and radiate as synchrotron emission across most the electromagnetic spectrum.

Doesn’t sound that bad really.  A rolling line of extreme magnetism, moving at the speed of light, containing extremely powerful electromagnetic particles and beams.  Saw one last week, it was nothing to write home about.

Important terms used in our fact definitions:

The facts stated above are from the standard cosmology theories/observations in place today.  There are two terms used that must be understood.

relativistic

This refers to General Relativity.  Because this wave is moving at or near the speed of light, the matter and energy contained within it behave according to the rules of Special Relativity.  In other words, weird.

Things are not the same at the speed of light.  Normally, only light goes that fast.  When matter/energy is moving that fast, everything changes!  E=mc2 man, look it up!   That is why they give this wave this term.  It will not be normal ‘cosmic rays’ or ‘solar winds’ or any other type of interstellar medium type particles you may be aware of.   It will have some apparent mass (more than it started with).  It will have extreme magnetism.  It will give off light (ultra-violet).  It will emit X-rays.  It will emit Gamma Rays.  It appears to only move small bits of matter and leaves the big stuff alone.

Any MASS in the wave will be multiplied by the speed of light squared because of the energy used to accelerate it to this velocity.   That is a big number so multiplying anything by it is significant.

If you can ‘see’ it, it will be in the Ultraviolet spectrum as this phenomena produces radiation spectrum of Ultraviolet to Gamma Rays.

synchrotron

The  following definitions comes from:

http://starburstfound.org/findings-validate-radial-model-galactic-center-cosmic-ray-propagation/

Synchrotron radiation is a broadband radio wave emission that is produced when cosmic ray electrons spiral around magnetic field lines perpendicular to the field line direction. If these magnetic field lines are oriented transverse to our line of sight, the electron orbits will be seen edge-on and their synchrotron radio emission will be seen as linearly polarized. On the other hand, if these field lines point towards us so that we look down their field axis, the orbiting electrons would now be observed circling in the plane of the sky, and their radio emission would be seen by us as being circularly polarized.

Previously, astronomers had assumed that cosmic ray electrons radiating out from the core would be trapped by nearby magnetic field lines oriented cross-wise to the particles’ outward trajectories, thereby impeding their escape. LaViolette’s model predicted that these fields are instead oriented primarily parallel to the particle flight trajectories and radial with respect to the Galactic core. He maintained that these electrons escape from the core at close to the speed of light, spiraling outward along radial trajectories. Due to their high speed flight, these particles would beam their synchrotron radiation forward, confined to a very narrow angle cone.

What this is saying, is that because of the relativistic nature of the wave itself, the wave forms in such a way as to escape the magnetic field of the black hole and that the energy/particles generated by material in the wave will project forward out from the leading edge and not in all directions as one would see from a stationary source.  This is important to the following discussions.

A Superluminal Gravity Wave?

What the?

Experiments carried out by Eugene Podkletnov show that a shock front outburst produces a longitudinal gravitational wave that travels forward with the burst.  He has found that this gravity wave pulse has a speed in excess of 64 times the speed of light (personal communication).  Also Guy Obolensky has produced spark discharge electric potential shock fronts and observed them to propagate forward at speeds as high as 10 times the speed of light.  Observations suggest that the gravity wave from an expanding stellar explosion will decrease its superluminal speed and eventually approach the speed of light as the shock front expands.  But meanwhile, the gravity wave will have obtained a headstart over the electromagnetic wave radiation component traveling in its wake (light waves, gamma rays, etc.).  So one would expect that the gravity wave from such an outburst (and its resultant earthquake activity) would precede the gamma ray burst component.

What this experimentation says is that at the TIME of the initial explosion that a Gravity Wave is created.  Initially traveling at some multiple of light speed (this should have made headlines if true),  it eventually slows to the speed of light as it expands.   Very interesting.  Maybe we could use this information.


Scared of a Super Wave?  I am not scared, what is there to scared of?  Really, I am not that scared.

Ok, so what if such a wave did occur.  What could it do really.   Again, PAUL A. LaVIOLETTE Phd., has some speculation on the subject:

Upon reaching our Solar System a superwave could cause a variety of effects. It could inject cosmic dust into the planetary environs, thereby altering the Earth’s climate. Also the electromagnetic wave radiation it carried might at times have the character of an electromagnetic pulse (EMP) similar to that generated by the aerial detonation of a nuclear device. It could create radio and television interference and might knock out satellite telephone conversations by permanently damaging satellite equipment. High-voltage surges picked up on telephone wires and power lines could damage electrical equipment including home electrical and telephone appliances that happened to be plugged into these networks. There could also be dangers to airplanes which happened to be flying during such an episode.

So your toaster is done for.   This is similar to what a large CME would do as well.   Would not be fun, but it won’t kill your dog either.

Then there may be cause to be concerned about the superwave cosmic rays themselves. If the initial outburst were sufficiently intense, this particle radiation could constitute a substantial health hazard.

As shown in the effects of Gamma Rays in Part 4.  Bad JuJu.

Alas, there is even more as we have not talked about the Gravitational Wave the precedes this thing (theoretically).


This could NOT be the first super wave in 4.5 billion years.  Where is historical proof?

Funny you should ask.  You did ask right?  You should have if you did not.  Why? because if this is normal, natural phenomenon of black holes and our black hole has been there since, well the birth of our galaxy, then this would not be it’s first rodeo.

For those who are deeply interested in the DETAILS of this concept, please go to :

http://starburstfound.org/predictions-part-1/

where you will find much more information.

 

This is the web site for:

PAUL A. LaVIOLETTE, PH.D, is author of Galactic Superwaves and their Impact on the Earth  and many other books. He received his BA in physics from Johns Hopkins, his MBA from the University of Chicago, and PhD from Portland State University and is currently president of the Starburst Foundation.

I will include some predications and quotes from Dr. LaViolette from the above web site to further this discussion.

This guy got his doctorate based on the thesis of a SuperWave in 1983 (nearly 30 years ago for the math impaired).  This is way, way before a lot of information about black holes existed,  or any 2012 talk (he is not a late comer),  or even the discovery of the existence of the discovery of December 14, 2011 of the material at Sag A*

   In his 1983 Ph.D. dissertation, Paul LaViolette called attention to terrestrial dangers of Galactic core explosions, pointing out that the arrival of the cosmic ray superwave they produced would be signaled by a high intensity gamma ray burst which would also generate EMP effects (e.g., see Page 3).   He also noted that a strong gravity wave might be expected to travel forward at the forefront of this superwave and might be the first indication of a superwave’s arrival.  He pointed out that such gravity waves could induce substantial tidal forces on the Earth during their passage which could induce earthquakes and cause polar axis torquing effects.

Anyone who has done a dissertation (I have not), or knows about the requirements for giving one knows the rigor with which they are examined.  You entire career is dependent on it.   You need proof of any claims you make.  Let’s start there.

The Earth’s polar ice sheets preserve a record of past superwave episodes. This can be seen by analyzing the levels of beryllium-10 along the length of the polar ice core record. This beryllium isotope is a good indicator of superwave intensity since it is produced in the Earth’s atmosphere through cosmic ray bombardment. The polar record shows several peaks of cosmic ray activity, the most recent of which occurred about 12 – 16 thousand years ago. Additional evidence indicating that our Solar System may periodically be impacted by a forceful cosmic ray wind comes from my discovery that ice age polar ice on some occasions contains very high concentrations of cosmic dust, several orders of magnitude greater than are found in snow or ice from the present interglacial. Prior to this discovery, I had predicted that passing superwaves would have propelled dust into the Solar System and that these dust incursions may have been a principal cause of the recurring sequence of ice ages. This is historically a key discovery because it is the first time that anyone had measured cosmic dust levels for the ice age period.

Just to make a special note here.  He is postulating a theory to account for the discovery of materials within ice cores that indicate periods of increased Cosmic ray activity in our past history.   He postulates that this is from a SuperWave, there may be other explanations.

He goes on to address this:

 Cosmic Ray Bombardment – prevailing concept (1980 – 83): At the time of this prediction, astronomers believed that the background cosmic ray flux has remained constant for millions of years, that intense cosmic ray bombardments occur very infrequently, perhaps every 30 million years, primarily as a result of nearby supernova explosions.

His prediction was verified:

Verification (1987): Glaciologists discovered beryllium-10 isotope peaks in ice age polar ice. These indicated that the cosmic ray flux on the Earth became very high on several occasions during the last ice age, confirming Dr. LaViolette’s theory that Galactic superwaves have repeatedly passed through our solar system in geologically recent times.

 

I have talked about Gamma rays in part 4.   This was the prevailing ‘knowledge’ you may have been taught.  Until very recently, they actually had NO IDEA where they came from.

Gamma Ray Bursts – prevailing concept (1983): During the early 1970′s, astronomers discovered the Earth is sporadically bombarded by gamma ray bursts. At the time of this prediction, they incorrectly assumed that gamma ray bursts were medium energy events originating from local sources within our Galaxy. They did not regard them as a significant social threat.

Dr. LaViolette predicted that this may not be true, that in fact, Gamma ray events within our Galaxy are more likely caused at the core.

Prediction No. 13 (1983): In his dissertation, LaViolette proposed that a superwave produced by an explosion of our Galaxy’s core could be immediately preceded by a very strong gamma ray pulse, 10,000 times stronger than what could come from a supernova explosion.

Well, eventually they did observe a Gamma Ray source:

Verification (1997): In December 1997, astronomers for the first time pinpointed the source of a gamma ray burst and found that it originated from a galaxy lying billions of light years away. This led them to conclude that these are mostly extragalactic events having total energies millions of times greater than they had previously supposed, thereby confirming LaViolette’s earlier proposal of the existence of high intensity gamma ray bursts. If this particular outburst had originated from our Galactic center, it would have delivered 100,000 times the lethal dose to all exposed Earth life forms.

And that these sources were OTHER Galaxies and not our own.  In fact, no known sources of Gamma ray radiation were thought to exist within our own Galaxy (read part 4).  Apparently, these events are extragalactic.  So much for thinking that it would dissipate by the time it reaches us.

I really have no idea what the following quote really means, but looks interesting and I will follow up on it some time.

Verification (2008): The prediction with respect to the superluminal speed of gravity potential component of such waves was verified qualitatively. Previously, Dr. Podkletnov had told LaViolette that he and Dr. Modanese had measured the speed of the pulses to be between 63 and 64 times the speed of light. In January of 2008, LaViolette asked Podkletnov whether the concrete smashing pulses produced by the steeper electric field gradients traveled much faster than the pendulum deflecting pulses. Podkletnov concurred and said that they had determined that these stronger pulses traveled at least several thousand times the speed of light.


Here is the weird part,  something similar has already happened in your lifetime.  Read on.

Here is the first example:  August 27, 1988

Verification (1998): Some months later, in August 27, 1998, a 5 minute long gamma ray pulse arrived from a Galactic source located 20,000 light years away in the constellation of Aquila. The event was strong enough to ionize the upper atmosphere and seriously disrupt satellites and spacecraft. It triggered a defensive instrument shutdown on at least two spacecraft. Astronomers acknowledged that this marked the first time they became aware that energetic outbursts from distant astronomical sources could affect the Earth’s physical environment. These events reaffirmed the validity of warnings LaViolette made 9 years earlier about the potential hazards of such gamma ray bursts.

And this should clinch it.  This event occurred December 26, 2004

From an article published February 20, 2005

Artist conception, courtesy of NASA

http://starburstfound.org/superwave/preparedness/GRB.html

   On December 26, 2004 a magnitude 9.3 earthquake occurred in the Indian Ocean off the coast of Sumatra in Malaysia.  It caused a powerful tsunami which devastated coastal regions of many countries leaving over 240,000 people either dead or missing.  It was the worst tsunami to affect this area since the 1883 explosion of Krakatao.  The earthquake that produced it was so strong that it exceeded by a factor of 10 the next most powerful earthquake to occur anywhere in the past 25 years.

Indonesian 9.3 Richter earthquake:
December 26, 2004 at 00 hours 58 minutes (Universal Time)

It is then with some alarm that we learn that just 44.6 hours later gamma ray telescopes orbiting the Earth picked up the arrival of the brightest gamma ray burst ever recorded!

Gamma ray burst arrival:
December 27, 2004 at 21 hours 36 minutes (Universal Time)

this gamma ray blast was 100 times more intense than any burst that had been previously recorded, equalling the brightness of the full Moon, but radiating most of its energy at gamma ray wavelengths.  Gamma ray counts spiked to a maximum in 1.5 seconds and then declined over a 5 minute period with 7.57 second pulsations.  The blast temporarily changed the shape the Earth’s ionosphere, distorting the transmission of long-wavelength radio signals.  See stories on Space.com, BBC News,NY TImes.

Interesting, but no causality is presented.  In other words, they have not proved cause and effect.

Lets continue.

    It was determined that the burst originated from the soft gamma ray repeater star, SGR 1806-20, a neutron star 20 kilometers in diameter which rotates once every 7.5 seconds, matching the GRB pulsation period.  SGR 1806-20 is located about 10 degrees northeast of the Galactic center and about 20,000 to 32,000 light years from us, or about as far away as the Galactic center.  (Originally, it had been thought to be 45,000 light years from us. but new results place it closer.) The outburst released more energy in a tenth of a second than the Sun emits in 100,000 years.  Other gamma ray bursts have been detected whose explosions were intrinsically more powerful than this one at the source of the explosion, but since those explosions originated in other galaxies tens of thousands of times more distant, the bursts were not nearly as bright when they reached our solar system.  What makes the December 27th gamma ray burst unique is that it is the first time that a burst this bright has been observed, one that also happens to originate from within our own Galaxy.

Again this proves conclusively that these types of events can reach us from this distance.  Note:  This was a neutron star only 20 kilometres in diameter, our black hole has a diameter the size of the orbit of Mercury.

     Astronomers have theorized that gamma ray bursts might travel in association with gravity wave bursts.  In the course of their flight through space, gamma rays would be deflected by gravitational fields and would be scattered by dust and cosmic ray particles they encountered, so they would be expected to travel slightly slower than their associated gravity wave burst which would pass through space unimpeded.  After a 45,000 year light-speed journey, a gamma ray burst arrival delay of 44.6 hours would not be unexpected.  It amounts to a delay of just one part in 9 million.  So if the gravity wave travelled at the speed of light (c), the gamma ray burst would have averaged a speed of 0.99999989 c, just 0.11 millionths slower.  There is also the possibility that at the beginning of its journey the gravity wave may have had a superluminal speed; see textbox below.

 

The article goes on the try and add weight to the correlation between the two events.  Still no real proof. What is interesting here is :

1. It was not 45,000 light years, it was 20,000.  The 45,000 number was the original estimate.

2. We are 26,000 light years from the core.  Roughly equivalent for the next extrapolation.

At that distance, the time gap between the gravimetric wave and the light/super wave that follows will be about 44 hours, give or take since it is 0.99999989 c.  That is pretty specific information to know if this causality is true.

 

So, if one were inclined to believe that such waves exist, they exist in our Galaxy, that we know what triggers them, and that they might just happen in your short lifespan, and you want to try and be prepared based on this information, this is what you would do:

  • Watch for increasing signs (light) of activity at Sag A*.  Should be public, even on Fox.
  • Watch for a LARGE seismic event or events, AFTER the increased signs of activity.
  • You then have approximately 44 hours to put your poop in pile.

Some links to help you sleep at night, …. Or not.

 

Current earthquakes:http://earthquake.usgs.gov/recenteqsww/Quakes/quakes_all.html

Past earthquakes:  http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eqinthenews/

Gamma ray bursts:  http://grblog.org/grblog.php

Cosmic ray radiation intensity: http://cr0.izmiran.rssi.ru/mosc/main.htm

Gravity wave bursts  (LIGO site:  no posted data, just posted papers):
http://www.ligo.caltech.edu/
Listing of various relevant events: http://earthchangesmedia.com/

 

PART 6 will cover Predictability and what you can do about it.  Also known as getting your pile organized a little earlier if someone could just predict when.